long island sound islands
10 Tracks. One of the centrally located islands in the Sound, Sheffield is home to the historic Sheffield Island Lighthouse, which was activated in 1868 and retired in 1902. HOME ABOUT US BECOME A SPONSOR LIST YOUR BOAT LONG ISLAND OCEAN HELPERS AUCTION LIST YOUR BOAT FOR SALE 631-XXX-XXXX LIST YOURBOAT FOR SALE * Indicates required field. When diatoms are less productive, they are replaced by other phytoplankton such as dinoflagellates or blue-green algae, which grow well in waters with high nitrogen levels, but do not need silica. Long Island Sound is an estuary, a place where saltwater from the ocean mixes with fresh water from rivers draining from the land. Log In. However, no crossing has been built since the Throgs Neck Bridge in the early 1960s. , Lobsters have suffered diseases of unknown cause, but recreational fishing improved dramatically in the last 10 years due, in large part, to restoring a key component in the food chain, menhaden (a.k.a. Here are some of our our favorite family-friendly island escapes. Pages 345â352 in P.M. Jacobson. In West Haven, Connecticut 8,000 scaup (also called broadbills or bluebills) were regularly counted in the 1970s. Long Island, island in the Atlantic Ocean that comprises the southeasternmost part of New York state, U.S. , Most animal species on the Connecticut side of the Sound also occur inland, but some are much more abundant along the shore. Seawater then overflowed into the basin, transforming it from a nontidal, freshwater lake to a tidal, saline arm of the sea.. In 1985, the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that Long Island Sound is a juridical bay. You must have both your ferry ticket and your park pass to board the ferry. The first European to record the existence of Long Island Sound was the Dutch navigator Adriaen Block, who entered the sound from the East River in 1614. , Crustaceans include crabs, shrimp and lobsters. Greater scaup, black ducks, mallards, and Canada geese are the most abundant wintering birds. The Long Island Sound is a body of water between Connecticut, and Long Island. Despite its name, it is actually not a species of underwater grass; instead, it is a plant that bears a physical resemblance to grass. Later, another period of equilibrium resulted in the Harbor Hill Moraine along most of northern Long Island. These include sweetgum (only found in Connecticut in the extreme southwestern area of the state), the American holly, post oak and persimmon, which only exist in Connecticut along the shore. On beaches and sandy areas there are Fowler's toads (which are also found inland but find sandy areas preferable), the American toad, and the hognose snake (which feeds on Fowler's toads).  Such changes in the base of the food chain leads to consequences such as an increase in abundance of jellyfish and decline in shellfish and other fish. (Note: don't forget the bug spray--the mosquitoes can be fierce, especially later in the day.). The inhabitants of Long Island shared a desire for peace. When you think about island getaways, the Connecticut coast of the Long Island Sound may not be the first location that comes to mind, but as it turns out, there are hundreds of islands in the Sound--from small, rocky outcroppings only visible at low tide to 50-acre stretches that are home to lighthouses, camping facilities, and pirate adventures. While shortnose sturgeon primarily remain in their natal rivers, they will feed in estuarine waters like Long Island Sound and make extended trips along the Atlantic Coast, tagged individuals sometime being identified in multiple rivers during their lifetimes. Accessible via the Port Jeff Ferry (from Bridgeport) or the Cross Sound Ferry to Orient Point (from New London), Long Island is perfect whether you're planning a daytrip or something more elaborate. Animals along the Sound are most concentrated in the salt marshes. Forgot account? , The Sound is inhabited by both marine fish and anadromous fish (oceanic or estuarine species that spawn in freshwater streams and rivers, see fish migration). , Hypoxia and eutrophication (low oxygen level resulting conditions) are direct environmental impacts on the Sound that are exacerbated by higher temperatures, stratified water columns (when the water is not well mixed vertically) and excess nutrients. Much of this, enriched by decomposition, is flushed yearly into the estuary water where it directly contributes to the great finfish and shellfish production of the sound. If you're heading to Orient Point, however, you're going to want to have your car to explore the North Fork (check out our Hamptons and North Fork Family Guide if you need some suggestions). (We highly recommend a detour to Branford's Lobster Shack before or after your boat ride to sample one of New England's culinary treats). Harbor seals and gray seals can be found among the rocks off Stonington and Groton at the eastern end. The installation is estimated to save the region in excess of $600 million a year in energy costs. Raccoons and red foxes who live in areas near the marshes will hunt in them. Squid, Sea Robins, Sand Dabs, Whelk, Spider Crabs and Porgy! Sailing American 14.6 on Long Island Sound - Duration: 1:19. The island itself is off limits to visitors except during the annual open house held in September by the Faulkner's Light Brigade, the volunteer organization that is dedicated to preservation efforts for the island and the lighthouse. â¦ By 2007, $617 million had been spent in upgrading sewage treatment plants, with 39 out of 104 retrofitted with devices to remove nitrogen. In 1975, a finback whale beached itself in Groton. During the succeeding decades, areas along the Connecticut coast saw a slow gradual recovery of eelgrass populations. 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