muhammad meaning in english
As Muhammad's only descendants, they are respected by both Sunni and Shi'a, though the Shi'a place much more emphasis and value on their distinction.  Other Arabic names from the same root include Mahmud, Ahmed, Hamed, Tahmid and Hamid. Learn more. The name Muhammad (/mʊˈhæməd, -ˈhɑːməd/) means "praiseworthy" and appears four times in the Quran. The Sunnah is considered a model of emulation for pious Muslims and has to a great degree influenced the Muslim culture. Notable scholars at the time argued against the historic authenticity of these verses and the story itself on various grounds.  Muhammad's new policy was to prevent alliances against him. [n 3] Muhammad united Arabia into a single Muslim polity, with the Quran as well as his teachings and practices forming the basis of Islamic religious belief.  According to Muslim tradition, Muhammad also sent letters to many rulers, asking them to convert to Islam (the exact date is given variously in the sources). According to a user from United Kingdom, the name Muhammad is of Arabic origin and means "The Praised one". The pre-Islamic Middle East was dominated by the Byzantine and Sassanian empires.  Muhammad did not enter into marriage with another woman during this marriage. He also upheld the sacredness of four lunar months in each year.  While both Sunnis and Shias have created images of Muhammad in the past, Islamic depictions of Muhammad are rare. They decided to ask the next man who comes through the gate to make that decision; that man was the 35-year-old Muhammad. At the heart, this is what Islam is about. Eleven of the thirteen marriages occurred after the migration to Medina. Muhammad Name Meaning is Variant Used For Mohammad - Founder Of Islamic Religion, Praiseworthy; Glorified,. You have searched the Urdu word Muhammad (PBUH) which means Muhammad (Pbuh) in English. , Muhammad united several of the tribes of Arabia into a single Arab Muslim religious polity in the last years of his life. The siege of Medina began on 31 March 627 and lasted two weeks. Muhammad surprised various Arab tribes, individually, with overwhelming force, causing his enemies to unite to annihilate him. Arab prophet and founder of Islam. ] Muhammad's message transformed society and moral orders of life in the Arabian Peninsula; society focused on the changes to perceived identity, world view, and the hierarchy of values. The conquest went largely uncontested and Muhammad seized the city with little bloodshed. Muhammad began to prepare for a campaign. Many bedouins submitted to Muhammad to safeguard against his attacks and to benefit from the spoils of war. Religious duties required of the believers at this time were few: belief in God, asking for forgiveness of sins, offering frequent prayers, assisting others particularly those in need, rejecting cheating and the love of wealth (considered to be significant in the commercial life of Mecca), being chaste and not committing female infanticide.  Walid N. Arafat and Barakat Ahmad have disputed the accuracy of Ibn Ishaq's narrative. The greeting that Muhammad taught Muslims to offer each other, "may peace be upon you" (Arabic: as-salamu 'alaykum) is used by Muslims throughout the world. " Napoleon Bonaparte admired Muhammad and Islam, and described him as a model lawmaker and a great man. The Roman–Persian Wars between the two had devastated the region, making the empires unpopular amongst local tribes. There was a huskiness in his voice, and his neck was long. The plaits of his hair were parted. In c.610 in Mecca Muhammad received the first of a series of revelations which, as the Koran, became the doctrinal and legislative basis of Islam. Name of the prophet and founder of Islam. [page needed] As well as being the site of an annual pilgrimage, the Kaaba shrine in Mecca housed 360 idols of tribal patron deities. Between his eyebrows there was a vein which distended when he was angry.  War would later break out between the people of Mecca and the Muslims. User Submitted Meanings. The Muslims set an ambush for the caravan at Badr. According to William Montgomery Watt, religion for Muhammad was not a private and individual matter but "the total response of his personality to the total situation in which he found himself. We not only provide English meaning of مُحَمّد ﷺ but also give extensive definition in English language. According to the story, this led to a general reconciliation between Muhammad and the Meccans, and the Abyssinia Muslims began to return home. He rejects the common view that Muhammad is an impostor and argues that the Quran proffers "the most sublime truths of cult and morals"; it defines the unity of God with an "admirable concision." Although Muhammad did not engage with hostile forces at Tabuk, he received the submission of some local chiefs of the region. He addressed the issue of inheritance by forbidding false claims of paternity or of a client relationship to the deceased and forbade his followers to leave their wealth to a testamentary heir.  Abu Sufyan's troops were unprepared for the fortifications, and after an ineffectual siege, the coalition decided to return home. The most common spelling is Mohamed, accounting for 39% of the Muhammad name carriers. The prophet, who looked upon every evident correction of his gospel as an attack upon his own reputation, brooked no contradiction, and unhesitatingly threw down the gauntlet to the Jews. Although the Meccan forces were swayed by suggestions that Muhammad was sure to be overwhelmed, they desired reassurance in case the confederacy was unable to destroy him. Muhammad consented to the marriage, which by all accounts was a happy one. With minimal casualties, Muhammad seized control of Mecca. With great difficulty he assembled 30,000 men; half of whom on the second day returned with Abd-Allah ibn Ubayy, untroubled by the damning verses which Muhammad hurled at them. His speech was a string of cascading pearls, measured so that none despaired of its length, and no eye challenged him because of brevity. Economic reforms addressed the plight of the poor, which was becoming an issue in pre-Islamic Mecca. All Sufi orders trace their chain of spiritual descent back to Muhammad. Marr J.S., Hubbard E., Cathey J.T. , Ian Almond says that German Romantic writers generally held positive views of Muhammad: "Goethe’s 'extraordinary' poet-prophet, Herder’s nation builder (...) Schlegel’s admiration for Islam as an aesthetic product, enviably authentic, radiantly holistic, played such a central role in his view of Mohammed as an exemplary world-fashioner that he even used it as a scale of judgement for the classical (the dithyramb, we are told, has to radiate pure beauty if it is to resemble 'a Koran of poetry'). We make no distinction between any of them, and unto Him we have surrendered. The revelations (each known as Ayah — literally, "Sign [of God]") that Muhammad reported receiving until his death form the verses of the Quran, regarded by Muslims as the verbatim "Word of God" on which the religion is based. , The key themes of the early Quranic verses included the responsibility of man towards his creator; the resurrection of the dead, God's final judgment followed by vivid descriptions of the tortures in Hell and pleasures in Paradise, and the signs of God in all aspects of life. A Meccan force was sent to protect the caravan and went on to confront the Muslims upon receiving word that the caravan was safe. He was from afar the most beautiful of men and the most glorious, and close up he was the sweetest and the loveliest. Being alarmed at the departure, according to tradition, the Meccans plotted to assassinate Muhammad. [Arabic muḥammad, praised, commendable, passive participle of ḥammada, to praise highly, from ḥamida, to extol; see ḥmd in the Appendix of Semitic roots.] The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. [Quran 33:46], The Quran is the central religious text of Islam. In the month of Shawwal 628, Muhammad ordered his followers to obtain sacrificial animals and to prepare for a pilgrimage (umrah) to Mecca, saying that God had promised him the fulfillment of this goal in a vision when he was shaving his head after completion of the Hajj. By the time of his death, most of the Arabian Peninsula had converted to Islam..  The tribe of Banu Khuza'a had good relations with Muhammad, whereas their enemies, the Banu Bakr, had allied with the Meccans.  Most Meccans converted to Islam and Muhammad proceeded to destroy all the statues of Arabian gods in and around the Kaaba. , A year after the Battle of Tabuk, the Banu Thaqif sent emissaries to surrender to Muhammad and adopt Islam. In the face of opposition to his preaching he and his small group of supporters were forced to flee to Medina in 622 (the Hegira).  In the Persian lands, this tradition of realistic depictions lasted through the Timurid dynasty until the Safavids took power in the early 16th century. Muhammad definition: 1. the Arab prophet through whom the Koran was revealed and the religion of Islam established and….  Shi'a tradition states Muhammad was not surprised or frightened at Gabriel's appearance; rather he welcomed the angel, as if he was expected. When silent, he was grave and dignified, and when he spoke, glory rose up and overcame him. View the pronunciation for Muhammad. , According to traditional sources Aisha was six or seven years old when betrothed to Muhammad, with the marriage not being consummated until she had reached puberty at the age of nine or ten years old. He was graceful and elegant, with intensely black eyes and thick eyelashes.  Similar events took place in 1925, when the Saudi militias retook—and this time managed to keep—the city. 9, pp. , Mohammed and Mohamed were the most popular baby name in département Seine-Saint-Denis (2002, 2008) and in Marseilles (2007, 2009), France. The outbreak of the latter was deferred by the fact that the hatred of the prophet was turned more forcibly in another direction, namely, against the people of Mecca, whose earlier refusal of Islam and whose attitude toward the community appeared to him at Medina as a personal insult which constituted a sufficient cause for war.  Thomas Carlyle in his book Heroes and Hero Worship and the Heroic in History (1840) describes Muhammad as "[a] silent great soul; [...] one of those who cannot but be in earnest". He gained support from the nomadic tribes to the north and east of Medina; using propaganda about Muhammad's weakness, promises of booty, memories of Quraysh prestige and through bribery.  Aisha, who became known as Muhammad's favourite wife in Sunni tradition, survived him by decades and was instrumental in helping assemble the scattered sayings of Muhammad that form the Hadith literature for the Sunni branch of Islam. Among Arabic odes to Muhammad, Qasidat al-Burda ("Poem of the Mantle") by the Egyptian Sufi al-Busiri (1211–1294) is particularly well-known, and widely held to possess a healing, spiritual power. Muslims believe it represents the words of God revealed by the archangel Gabriel to Muhammad. Caetani and J. Burton have argued against the historicity of the story on other grounds. hold that the Isra and Mi'raj journey traveled through the heavens from the sacred enclosure at Mecca to the celestial al-Baytu l-Maʿmur (heavenly prototype of the Kaaba); later traditions indicate Muhammad's journey as having been from Mecca to Jerusalem.  This report, however, is considered by some to be a fabrication. [...] In his married life, as well as in his religious life, a change seems to have come over Muhammad after his removal to Medina.  According to Sunni tafsir, the following Quranic verse was delivered during this event: "Today I have perfected your religion, and completed my favours for you and chosen Islam as a religion for you" (Quran 5:3). Muslims and Baha'is believe he was a messenger and a prophet of Allah ().He is believed to be a descendant of Ishmael, a son of Abraham, and the last of all prophets (the seal of the prophets).He is seen as an example for all Muslims to follow. The Meccans replied that they accepted the last condition.  Carlyle's interpretation has been widely cited by Muslim scholars as a demonstration that Western scholarship validates Muhammad's status as a great man in history. (2014): The Year of the Elephant. , A delegation, consisting of the representatives of the twelve important clans of Medina, invited Muhammad to serve as chief arbitrator for the entire community; due to his status as a neutral outsider.  Ibn Ishaq, author of the first biography of Muhammad, presents the event as a spiritual experience; later historians, such as Al-Tabari and Ibn Kathir, present it as a physical journey. For talent popularity and style muhammad Ali stands alone: 4.  Most Meccans ignored and mocked him, though a few became his followers.  The Quran also addresses Muhammad in the second person by various appellations; prophet, messenger, servant of God ('abd), announcer (bashir),[Quran 2:119] witness (shahid),[Quran 33:45] bearer of good tidings (mubashshir), warner (nathir),[Quran 11:2] reminder (mudhakkir),[Quran 88:21] one who calls [unto God] (dā'ī),[Quran 12:108] light personified (noor),[Quran 05:15] and the light-giving lamp (siraj munir). It is said that Muhammad rejected the offer and prayed for the guidance of the people of Ta'if. , With the help of the exiled Banu Nadir, the Quraysh military leader Abu Sufyan mustered a force of 10,000 men. In 630, Mecca capitulated and by his death Muhammad had united most of Arabia. The "seal of prophecy" between Muhammad's shoulders is generally described as having been a type of raised mole the size of a pigeon's egg.  According to al-Waqidi, after Abd-Allah ibn Ubaiy spoke for them, Muhammad refrained from executing them and commanded that they be exiled from Medina.  Communal life was essential for survival in the desert conditions, supporting indigenous tribes against the harsh environment and lifestyle.  In the Wahhabi interpretation of Islam, burial is to take place in unmarked graves. , Muhammad's father, Abdullah, died almost six months before he was born. According to him, most of the Muslims returned to Mecca prior to Hijra, while a second group rejoined them in Medina.  For example, many Muslim commentators and some Western scholars have interpreted the Surah 54:1–2 as referring to Muhammad splitting the Moon in view of the Quraysh when they began persecuting his followers. Buhl, F.; Welch, A.T. (1993). , The earliest surviving written sira (biographies of Muhammad and quotes attributed to him) is Ibn Ishaq's Life of God's Messenger written c. 767 CE (150 AH). , In line with the hadith's prohibition against creating images of sentient living beings, which is particularly strictly observed with respect to God and Muhammad, Islamic religious art is focused on the word. Muhammad definition, Arab prophet: founder of Islam.  After the coalition's retreat, the Muslims accused the Banu Qurayza of treachery and besieged them in their forts for 25 days. " Emmanuel Pastoret published in 1787 his Zoroaster, Confucius and Muhammad, in which he presents the lives of these three "great men", "the greatest legislators of the universe", and compares their careers as religious reformers and lawgivers. The boycott lasted three years but eventually collapsed as it failed in its objective. Muhammad led his force outside to the mountain of Uhud (the location of the Meccan camp) and fought the Battle of Uhud on 23 March 625.  According to Islamic tradition, soon after birth he was sent to live with a Bedouin family in the desert, as desert life was considered healthier for infants; some western scholars reject this tradition's historicity. , Academics Reşit Haylamaz and Fatih Harpci say that Ar-Rafiq Al-A'la is referring to God. They interpreted the biography through a Christian religious filter, one that viewed Muhammad as a person who seduced the Saracens into his submission under religious guise. , Historians generally agree that Islamic social changes in areas such as social security, family structure, slavery and the rights of women and children improved on the status quo of Arab society. , After signing the truce, Muhammad assembled an expedition against the Jewish oasis of Khaybar, known as the Battle of Khaybar. He then came under the care of his uncle Abu Talib, the new leader of the Banu Hashim.  In the ensuing months, the Meccans sent ambush parties to Medina while Muhammad led expeditions against tribes allied with Mecca and sent raiders onto a Meccan caravan. To escape ongoing persecution, he sent some of his followers to Abyssinia in 615, before he and his followers migrated from Mecca to Medina (then known as Yathrib) later in 622. " After quoting Heinrich Heine, who said in a letter to some friend that "I must admit that you, great prophet of Mecca, are the greatest poet and that your Quran... will not easily escape my memory", John Tolan goes on to show how Jews in Europe in particular held more nuanced views about Muhammad and Islam, being an ethnoreligious minority feeling discriminated, they specifically lauded Al-Andalus, and thus, "writing about Islam was for Jews a way of indulging in a fantasy world, far from the persecution and pogroms of nineteenth-century Europe, where Jews could live in harmony with their non-Jewish neighbors.  She was therefore a virgin at marriage. The Shahadah is the basic creed or tenet of Islam. The next morning, at the Muslim conference of war, a dispute arose over how best to repel the Meccans. At the journey's beginning, the Isra, he is said to have traveled from Mecca on a winged steed to "the farthest mosque." It is of Arabic origin, and the meaning of Muhammad is "praiseworthy". Within a decade Muslims conquered Mesopotamia, Byzantine Syria, Byzantine Egypt, large parts of Persia, and established the Rashidun Caliphate. No agreement was reached after prolonged negotiations, partly due to sabotage attempts by Muhammad's scouts.  According to Islamic doctrine, he was a prophet, sent to preach and confirm the monotheistic teachings of Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets.  Arafat believes that Ibn Ishaq's Jewish sources, speaking over 100 years after the event, conflated this account with memories of earlier massacres in Jewish history; he notes that Ibn Ishaq was considered an unreliable historian by his contemporary Malik ibn Anas, and a transmitter of "odd tales" by the later Ibn Hajar. Muhammad led his followers into a series of battles against the Meccans.  According to the Social Security Administration, Mohammad was ranked 589th, Mohammed 633rd, and Muhammad the 639th most popular first name for newborns in 2006. ", https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/livebirths/datasets/babynamesenglandandwalesbabynamesstatisticsboys, "Insee − Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques", "Les parents marseillais ont craqué pour Inès et Mohamed", "Emma en Noah zijn de populairste voornamen van 2008", "JTW News - "Muhammad" Most Popular Among Danish Muslims", http://www.name-stats.com/search.php?subject=Muhammad&submit=Search, "Muhammad - Name Meaning, What does Muhammad mean? The lucky number of Muhammad name is 2 and also find similar names. , Zayd ibn Haritha was a slave that Muhammad bought, freed, and then adopted as his son.  The main points of the treaty included: cessation of hostilities, the deferral of Muhammad's pilgrimage to the following year, and agreement to send back any Meccan who emigrated to Medina without permission from their protector. ﭑ ﭒ ﭓ ﭔ ﭕ ﭖ ﭗ ﭘ ﭙ.  Abu Sufyan gathered an army of 3000 men and set out for an attack on Medina. In 613, Muhammad started preaching these revelations publicly, proclaiming that "God is One", that complete "submission" (islām) to God is the right way of life (dīn), and that he was a prophet and messenger of God, similar to the other prophets in Islam. This pledge became known as the "Pledge of Acceptance" or the "Pledge under the Tree".  However, the bedouins were alien to the system of Islam and wanted to maintain independence: namely their code of virtue and ancestral traditions. His hair reached beyond the lobe of his ear.  Today, millions of historical reproductions and modern images are available in some Muslim-majority countries, especially Turkey and Iran, on posters, postcards, and even in coffee-table books, but are unknown in most other parts of the Islamic world, and when encountered by Muslims from other countries, they can cause considerable consternation and offense.  Ahmad argues that only some of the tribe were killed, while some of the fighters were merely enslaved.  Scholars such as Madelung do not reject the narrations which have been compiled in later periods, but judge them in the context of history and on the basis of their compatibility with the events and figures.  As a result, the opposition to him became less vocal. Min Makkah Habibi nuru sata’ aal Madinah. [n 4][n 5] This episode, known as "The Story of the Cranes," is also known as "Satanic Verses". The attack had failed to achieve their aim of completely destroying the Muslims. We help you understand the word Muhammad in English.  Hanifs – native pre-Islamic Arabs who "professed a rigid monotheism" – are also sometimes listed alongside Jews and Christians in pre-Islamic Arabia, although their historicity is disputed among scholars.  Although the practice is frowned upon by the Saudis, many pilgrims continue to practice a ziyarat—a ritual visit—to the tomb. The rest of their property was claimed by Muhammad in the name of God as it was not gained with bloodshed. This is only done if the person has a second given name. , Some Western academics cautiously view the hadith collections as accurate historical sources. The last city to hold out against the Muslims in Western Arabia was Taif. The Banu Qurayza eventually surrendered; according to Ibn Ishaq, all the men apart from a few converts to Islam were beheaded, while the women and children were enslaved. , —The statement of the treaty of Hudaybiyyah, Although Muhammad had delivered Quranic verses commanding the Hajj, the Muslims had not performed it due to Quraysh enmity.  They also hoped, by the means of Muhammad and the new faith, to gain supremacy over Mecca; the Yathrib were jealous of its importance as the place of pilgrimage. ", Muslim tradition credits Muhammad with several miracles or supernatural events. 178 ], some of muhammad meaning in english highest numbers of English spelling variants in the western region of Xinjiang were to... [ 54 ] [ 306 ] some of the plan, the truce of Hudaybiyyah was for... [ 71 ] he was taller than middling stature but shorter than conspicuous tallness slaves! Millions of people answer to it in some form 'd ibn Mu'adh ( a prominent companion of Muhammad Abu! 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